Wednesday, 7 August 2019

Welcome



Our next meeting
  Oct 16th

A talk on

The Dram Road at Avon Warf

Tuesday, 6 August 2019

Laura House



Research by, Roger Williams, Mary Anthill, Doug Crew and Roy Crew :- includes updates Sept 2019.




The Photograph ‘Hanham Bus Depot 1920s’ in D G Elliott’s books ‘Stories of King’s Chase Volume 2’ and ‘Picture Past’ shows no entrance to the Hanham Social Club on the front elevation.  It has a side-facing door giving access across the forecourt of the ‘Manager’s Residence and Office’.  The building protrudes six to eight feet in front of the house line.  Coupled with the fact that it has used the side wall of the house as a party wall for itself, this shows that the Club building was added within the curtilage of the house & garden and by the house owners. In the maps this building outline changes between 1841 and 1888, where the rectangle of the club is seen in contact with the house. And thus it appears to have been added while it was still a pub and not let out as a dwelling‑house. This annexe to the pub is not to scale in the 1888 map but a correction is to scale in the 25-inch editions after 1900.  This photo was taken from ‘The Limes’ next door to ‘The Cedars’, now LIDL.

The first name we see is in 1756, and then the report of an inquest held there in 1796. Then in the Tythe Apportionment Roll of 1841 in plot 165 there is only one substantial building. It is named ‘White Hart Inn and Garden’. There can be little doubt that this square block is the same building we see inside Tollgate, the former Bus Depot, today.
          In ‘A Tour of Hanham with Levi Hunter’ [of Martin’s Lane] dated 24/01/1926 he tells F C Jones [see Bristol Records Office], that it was obviously of 18th Century construction with cupboards as in Royal York Crescent”. (Built from 1791-1820)   The rooms at the back had high ceilings and looked older. It is said that there was a “veranda across the front in 1925”. Levi Hunter 1871- 1935 was the Hunter of Hunter’s Road that we have today.

The Georges Pubs list of 1856 shows Abner Howes, innkeeper at the White Bait pub.
(Bait is a transcript error for Hart, which with their florid script capitals is not surprising.)              But that does not give a location for the pub.
However also in 1856 the will of Charles Whittuck (at The Grange next door) uses the name White Hart for a messuage or dwelling-house that he’s about to purchase.

The first time Laura appears is in 1867 as Laura House [Inst .Mech. Eng. members]
          The Professional Engineer wouldn’t want to be living in a pub   !!

Then we have in 1871 Laura Villa, and in 1875 it is confirmed as semi-detached in the Sale notice. - No Sale occurred at that point. - In1879 a Sale is advertised in the Bristol Mercury. Here the property is 100 perches (⅝ of an acre.) That implies that the whole of the area in tythe plot 165 remains together and includes the Social Club building. The OS map of 1888 shows the new rectangle attached to the west elevation. By 1894 we are back to Laura House occupied by John Peacock Linthorne in Kelly’s Directory.  D G Elliott calls it Villa in labelling the Photograph of 1926 at the Records Office, but he does not use it in his books.


Year Source Name
1756
24th June
The Friendly Society of Colliers and Others’ inaugural meeting at the
Sign of the White Hart

1796 May Press report of Inquest of Abraham Watson, 48, Coalminer. White Hart Inn Watson killed in Lynch Pit 6 Feb.
1841 Tythe Roll & Map  (plot 165) White Hart Inn & Garden  owner Nathaniel Williams occupier William Furber
1841 Census
Sarah Hiscox inkeeper
1851 Census Blank Abner Howes Inkeeper
1856 George’s Pubs List White Bait ( Hart) A Howes
1856 Charles Whittuck’s Will Dwelling White Hart
1861 Census No mention of Pub presume ceased trading
1867 Inst .Mech. Eng. members list   Mark Fryar Laura House son in law of M G Stewart below
1868 Western Daily Press Laura House WDP 10.03.1868
1871 Census Laura Villa M G Stewart
1875 Sale notice WDP May 15th Laura House Not Sold Semi-detached
1879 Sale Bristol Mercury Laura Villa  (⅝ acre.) [i.e. whole of tythe plot 165]
1888 O S Map. - A large rectangular block built onto the west elevation. 1920s photo, signage    ‘Hanham Social Club’ It protrudes in front of the line of the house.
1894 Kelly’s Bristol Directory Laura House J P Linthorne resides.
1926 Photo - Elliott Archive Bence’s Bus Depot

It appears that after Charles Whittuck bought the pub it was let or sold as a house, but there is no mention of the adjoining hall or Social Club building until 1875 when it only says ‘semi-detached’. The eventual Sale Notice of 1879 mentions Coach-house, stables and other buildings but neither appears yet to be the Social Club.  So we don’t know when the Social Club started operations or when it ceased.

It has been wrongly claimed that the old building is not demolished because it is ‘Listed’. That is to say it is not on the Historic England list. It does not have that protection.
Buildings get listed by the Secretary of State for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport after recommendation by Historic England. Local authorities don’t have the power to add or remove buildings from the list.


From the Leaflet by Roy King in the ACCES series for Kingswood Council 1988.





                                                                                                    Roger Williams

Friday, 12 April 2019

Hanham Hall

          Hanham Hall developed from a medieval manorial site into a ‘gentry estate’.

The house was reputedly [H T Ellacombe] built by Richard Jones in 1655, but it “very probably contains an earlier medieval core” according to Barratt’s development archaeological survey of 2012 by Bristol and Region Archaeological Services (BaRAS).

          Jones was the son of a Bristol draper, and Lord of the Manor of Oldland.

His original Manor House was on the bank of the Clack-Mill stream facing Willsbridge Mill.

The aging House surrounded by increasing industrial activity became a less pleasant home and was probably absorbed into industrial use before it was demolished.

          In the memoranda appended to the Kingswood Chase Survey of 1652 we find: -

“Also Mr. Ric. Jones of Kensington claims a right of common of pasture as belonging to an ancient site of a Manor in Bitton, & to other lands & tenements, & also part of Sd Chace called Jay More, by ancient grant, but no proof”.              And -      “Jones New House, lately erected situated near Hanham Wind-mill”, described as "a fayre dwelling house erected by Mr. Newton.”  *    Followed by: -Wind Mill on Wind mill hill, near the last named house”. 

*[I think the surveyors have here been told ‘erected by The Lord of the neighbouring Manor’ but have recorded the wrong one.]


The survey was carried out in 1651 so this seems to say that Mr Jones’ new house lately erected” was probably built 5 years earlier than Ellacombe’s date until now accepted.

      In Jones’ Will in 1697 it was left to Jones’ Grandson ‘Thomas Trye of Hardwick’.

In 1726 it was sold to Kedgwin Webley of London. In1773 Webley’s daughter Mrs Frances Parry succeeded to the estate.  A previous attempt to sell it is found in the Bath Journal Monday 28th May 1753

“To be sold in Fee,

At Hanham in Gloucestershire, three Miles from Bristol and Eight from Bath, and in the direct Road from one of those Cities to the other,

A Large Modern built MANSION-HOUSE, with very spacious and commodious Offices, Coach-House, Stable for 14 Horses, and large Gardens, surrounded with very good Walls, and well stocked with a curious Collection of Fruit Trees; together with several Messuages, Farms, and Lands of about 300 £ a Year, late the Estates of Thomas Trye, Esq.; Or a Part of the House sufficient for any middling Family, (Furnished or Un-furnished) with a Kitchen, and all other Offices entire; made as distinct from the other Part, as a separate House, having different Entrances to it; together with - separate Gardens, would be Lett.    Particulars whereof may be had at the said House; of Mr. Giles, an Attorney in Bristol; of Mr. Purlewent, Attorney, in Bath; or of Mr Talbot in Simmonds-Inn, London.

          This attempt to dispose of the property came to nothing.

Mrs Frances Parry’s Will granted probate in November 1792 gives the sole legatee as her daughter Frances Gwynne of Bath with whom she appears to have been living with on Royal Crescent. No details of her property are given, and the estate had already been sold to James Emerson in 1791.

When Emerson was made bankrupt it was sold again in 1803, this time to Samuel Whittuck, a wealthy landowner and industrialist.

The Whittucks remained in ownership but the estate was rented in 1916 to the Rev. H.N. Burden, who had worked out of London and Bristol as a promoter of treatment for ‘inebriates’ and mentally-ill children.        The Whittuck family sold to Burden in 1928.

Burden’s Mental Institution was sold to the National Health Service in 1954.

In October 2004 it was transferred from the NHS to English Partnerships under the 'Hospital Sites Programme'.


Hanham Hall Timeline
Year Source Owner / Event Linkfile etc.
Yrs

Hanham Hall Historic Characterisation September 2007 English Heritage Developed from a medieval manorial site into a ‘gentry estate’. Very probably contains an earlier medieval core.

1655 ?

BaRAS Report for Barratts Developers says
 ‘Reputedly’ 1655
built by Richard Jones but probably as early as 1650 Creswicke’s Map
‘The Mannor of West Hannam  of 1683 +
42
1697 Richard Jones’ Will Thomas Trye of Hardwick [grandson] Will proved 15th Feb. 1697
29
1726 sold to Kedgwin Webley, London Lawyer who married Frances Fry of Bristol. Webley was working for Jarrit Smyth of Ashton Court

1773 Left to ‘Mrs Parry’. to Webley’s daughter Frances
see Noyadd Estate Records
David Parry married Frances
Kedgwin Webley (d. 1773) of Chancery Lane, London.

47
1753 Bath Journal
28th Mar.1753
sale notice description of estate Advert 28th Mar.1753
0
1769 Donn’s Map Mrs Frances Parry [in residence?] (d. 1792),
19
1791/92 sold to James Emmerson Bankrupt 1803
11
1803 sold to Samuel Whittuck   d. 1849

1928 Whittuck Family sold to Rev H N Burden Burden had rented from 1916
125
1954 Burden Inst. sold to Crown Estates as hospital
  26
2004 NHS transferred to English Partnerships



The following are I think new or generally unrecognized insights included above:  -


  1. Richard Jones was ‘Lord of the Manor of Oldland’,
  2. He bought estates from the Westons including ‘Le Grange’ at Down-Hannam (Warmley), and he sold Grimsbury to Dr. Francis Woodward.
  3. His claim on Jay More [Gee Moor] probably arose from land previously owned by the Westons, as this area was previously known as ‘Weston’s Woods’.
  4. His New Mansion - my now mansion house at Hannam”, Hanham Hall, was already erected near to the windmill in 1651 before the Government Survey of The Chase.         [near to the windmill’ = under a mile and nothing in between]
  5. Some references call Thomas Trye his nephew but his Will clearly establishes Thomas to be his grandson by his daughter Anne.
  6. The detailed description of the estate of Hanham Hall found in the Bath Journal of 1753 is I believe new to our records.
  7. There is a Parliamentary record of Sir Richard Hart, MP for Bristol, living at Hanham Hall in the Mid-1680s. It is probably an error and should read Hanham Grange. However since in Jones’ Will we have executors “My good friends Sir John Newton, Baronett, and Sir Richard Hart, Knight” it is possible that he stayed there while his Grange was undergoing a massive re-build.
Roger Williams 12.04.19

Sunday, 16 December 2018

Meetings 2019



Date
Talk Title
Speaker 
February 6th
Vice and Virtue:
Old Market through the ages
Michael Manson
March 6th



March 20th        
From Pillar to Post: Street Furniture in and around Bristol

Our own event

Cyril Routley
April 3rd


April 17th



May  1st
Bristol:
Riots of 1831

Excavations at                                        
Bath abbey


Our own event


Alan Jocelyn


Cai Mason
May 15th

Ration books to Rock in Roll
Terry Merrett Smith
June 05th


July 3rd

Kings Weston House



Our own event
Mr Martyn
August 07th


Sept 4th

Traditional Festivals of Britain 

Trip to Oakham Treasures
Professor Ronald Hutton
September 18th

October 2nd     

The end of Bristol Trams



Our own event
Peter Davey
October 16th
Avon Wharf, Bitton,
The Dramway
Jim Pimpernell
November 06th


November 20th


December 4th

It’s beginning to look like Christmas


Our own event


Christmas Meal
Mike Britton